Complex land reclamation procedures, bringing neglected areas to proper agricultural condition.
Our Company is among few offering complex services of this sort. This applies in particular to farms and land highly neglected from agricultural point of view, where any cultivation is rather unproductive, and often entirely ungrounded as regards economy.
At the beginning of 2015 our Company undertook to provide these services for five farms in West Pomeranian Voivodeship, total area 250 ha. Soil classes 4 – 6, mostly light type, in part cultivated, in part idle. In majority, cultivation carried out only to obtain agricultural subsidies – very limited range and yield.
The works started from complex examination of soil ordered to a professional company. The examination was carried out on a 2-ha mesh, with complete analysis and computer printouts. The above test proved very bad condition of soil and abundance of P, Mg, K, N in it, not to mention humus or macroelements. The pH value was at disastrous level: from 3.6 – 4.8. The second task, in early spring, involved reestablishment of boundaries (ordered to an external geodesic company) and permanent marking of existing boundaries of individual plots. The near-boundary areas covered with trees (self-sown plants) or shrubs were cleaned, and plant roots were removed using specialised equipment (a mulcher) to the depth of ca. 30 cm. Also, in one area, more than 2.5 ha of young forest (birch) was cut after the acceptance of a competent authority. Then, full reclamation of land was effected using own specialised equipment to bring it back to condition from 20 years before (area R 4).
In the same way plantings and shrubs were eliminated in many other places from fields, and illegal waste dump, rock heaps were etc. were removed. Thus, the areas were prepared for processing with high-efficiency equipment.
The following were applied in spring: 3t/ha of quickly absorbable lime (Fast Cal) and 1t/ha of magnesium lime, as well as Mg, N, K, P fertilisers. Yellow lupine was sown then, and aftercrop (mustard) in autumn. All crops were intended for green manure. Liming was repeated in the late autumn, this time with carbonate lime characterised by long absorbability period. Natural manure (granulated) was applied as well.
More than 1500 running metres of drainage installations were provided in fields in autumn 2015 in order to dry overflow areas, wild ponds and wetlands. Moreover, a preliminary drainage was provided for a vast overflow area of ca. 6 ha, which came out in the last decade as a result of clogging up of former outflow to an adjacent lake.
The outflow was cleared, the main drainage ditch (more than 800 running metres) was restored, and cross ditches were provided as well.
Conventional drainage system made of PVC was made in autumn 2016, after having provided surface drainage and removal of reed and marsh grass. Sowing of forage crops is planned in spring 2017. Due to considerable damage caused by forest animals (primarily boars) living nearby, is was decided to fence the whole area (two farms in Łowicz Wałecki, 95 ha in total) with forest mesh supported on metal structure (strengthened zinc plating). The entire work, ca. 5000 running metres including 6 gateways, was completed within less than 3 months.
The procedure involving surface removal of field rocks from all areas, ca. 250 ha, was carried out in winter and early spring. This task was performed using own equipment – machine for mechanical surface picking of rocks (Kongskilde Stonebear SB -400). Retrieved stones and rocks were used to pave access roads and run-through roads.
The following were sown in April-May 2016, after pre-seeding procedures: in three areas (150 ha in total) a mix of protein crops (alfalfa, red clover), and in 100 ha – green lentil.
The above land reclamation and maintenance procedures were necessary to introduce modern and highly efficient equipment, as e.g. a set of mowers with working width 9.4 m and actual output reaching 10-11 ha/h, or wrapper-press (collection, soilage pressing, ensiling agent proportioning, wrapping in mesh, wrapping in foil) in a single cycle-run, with yield of ca. 50-60 ballots/h. The whole work supported by GPS navigation, computer analysis of maps, productivity, data archiving, etc.
The above grounds should reach their full production capacity within ca. 2-3 years. Approximately 30 t of soilage/ha was obtained in the first year after establishment of crops (alfalfa, clover) from two, and in part of the area from three swaths. In the next years the plans include harvesting from 4-5 swaths, yield reaching 50 t/ha.
The above land reclamation works in neglected areas of this sort, as well as proper agrotechnical procedures are necessary and required if it is planned to have a modern and highly efficient farm established. As a company, we are interested in lease or long-term usufruct of large land areas (min. 20-30 ha of meadows, pastures) in our neighbourhood, that is within 30 km from Mirosławiec (West Pomeranian Voivodeship). Depending on terms and conditions of agreement, we can partially or wholly perform appropriate land reclamation works aimed to bring the areas to proper agricultural condition, free of charge, in return for long-term usufruct and harvesting. This may be a very attractive offer for those farmers, who do not have suitable agricultural equipment.